The Council of the Indies, officially, the Royal and Supreme Council of the Indies, was the most important administrative organ of the Crown of Castille, both in the Americas and in Asia, combining legislative, executive and judicial functions. The Crown of Castile incorporated the new territories into its lands.
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It was agreed in 1511 by Ferdinand the Catholic and reorganized around the year 1524 by Charles I of Spain. As an institution formed gradually, and you designate the Catholic Monarchs to Juan Rodríguez de Fonseca to study problems of colonization of the Indies with Columbus. At death, Ferdinand II of Aragon took over the Crown of Castile as regent, Cardinal Cisneros, who was not on good terms with Rodriguez de Fonseca, in such a way that separates him from his duties and instructed two members of the Council of Castile : Luis de Zapata and Lorenzo Galindez de Carvajal, who form a small council, which came to be called "Government of India. "

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The Council of the Indies took up its powers on August 1, 1524. The king was informed weekly sometimes daily of decisions reached by the Council, which came to exercise supreme authority over the Indies at the local level and over the casa de contratacion founded in 1503 at Seville as a customs storehouse for the Indies. Civil suits of sufficient importance could be appealed from an audiencia in the New World to the consejo, functioning as a court of last resort.

The Duties of el consejo de indias

The council have such varied functions that there they cofused all the powers of the state.
  • Administrative Duties:Propose to the king, the secular and ecclesiastical officials of the colonies, practicing in the latter case, the right of patronage he enjoyed and to serve advisory body on the issues of indes.
  • Legislative Duties: Dictate the laws and royal decrees intended to govern in the colonies the laws passed by the council later formed the monumental legislation known as the Laws of the Indies.
  • Judicial Duties: Serve as the Supreme Court in all disputes of importances missed by the audience or the House of Trade, to resolve impeachments and authorize the promulgation of the Bulls and is Pontificios.Como brief, the council's authority extended on both the administration and justice in the colonies, and on the ecclesiastical authorities, this last because of the royalties or rights in rem of patronage and enforceability.

History of the Council

In 1524, Charles I founded the Council of the Indies, reported the Catholic Monarchs to Juan Rodríguez De Fonseca who have appointed King of the institution to study the problems that afflicted the colonization of India had conducted Columbus. external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRuuMdni3GF-3X-i4S6RDmipryCmZ94UEaeISJRsPk17Nwd_-tczg
Some time later Charles I took over the crown previously held Juan Rodríguez. Once the Board took Carlos Indies continued to exist without any problem but the only change was noted in 1524 was that the Board came to be called Indian Council of Time after the name change
is reported that the first president of the institution Loaysa Juan Garcia, who later became Archbishop of Seville.

The work done there

  • Planning and propose different policies with respect to the King.
  • Organization regarding administrative board
  • Selection to the king and other new charges
  • Authorization application of the legislation imposed.
  • Exercise the filing fee
  • Division of bishoprics
  • Reexamination of the provisions imposed by the church in America and of the synods.

Some interesting books about the Consejo de Indias

  • Compendio de la Historia de América desde su descubrimiento hasta nuestros días. (Mesa y Leompart, J.)
  • Historia del Perú. (Fernandez, Diego)
  • Cargadores a Indias. (Ruiz Rivera, Julian B. ; García Bernal, Manuela Cristina)
  • Noticias históricas sobre la recopilación de Indias. (Torre Revello, José)
  • Probanzas de méritos y servicios de los conquistadores : documentos del Archivo de Indias. ( Levillier, Roberto; Blanco-Fombona, Rufino)
  • Correspondencia de los Cabildos en el siglo XVI : documentos del Archivo de Indias, cartas de los cabildos : memoriales presentados en la Corte por los procuradores, apoderados y enviados especiales de las ciudades. (Levillier, Roberto; Rodríguez del Busto, Adolfo)