Why do you think europeans need Gold, Silver and precious stones?


European rulers fought many wars. They fought against each other and against the Turkish Empire. These wars were very expensive, so they needed to find lots of gold, silver, and precious stones to pay for them. They believed that Asia was loaded with gold, silver, and precious stones, so they decided to find it and bring it back.

What can we say about Gold and Silver?


Gold:

For centuries, buying gold has been recognized as one of the best ways to preserve one's wealth and purchasing power. Gold is a unique investment, one that has served mankind well for thousands of years. From the times of ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans to more modern times, man has been fascinated with the beauty and magic of gold, and with its power to change men's lives.

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Gold, like other precious metals, is measured in troy weight; when alloyed with other metals, the term carat is used to express the amount of gold present, 24 carats being pure gold. Gold is one of the heaviest minerals, and therefore can be panned easily because the gold sinks to the bottom of the streams.



Silver:

Silver has been used for thousands of years for ornaments and utensils, for trade, and as the basis for many monetary systems.Its value as a precious metal was long considered second only to gold. Silver has been known since ancient times.Mentioned in the book of Genesis, slag heaps found in Asia Minor and on the islands of the Aegean Sea indicate that silver was being separated from led as early as the 4th millennium BC using surface mining.

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Recorded use of silver to prevent infection dates to anciet Grece and Rome, it was rediscovered in the Middle Ages, when it was used for several purposes, such as to disinfect water and food during storage, and also for the treatment of burns and wounds as wound dressing. In the 19th century, sailors on long ocean voyages would putsilver coins in barrels of water and wine to keep the liquid pure. Pioneers in America used the same idea as they made their journey from coast to coast.